Types of Doshas

What are Dosha and Prakriti?

Dosha And Prakriti – Know Thyself

Dosha are one of the most intriguing principles of Ayurveda. It is because the classical Ayurveda text states that they cannot be seen but become visible by only through their functions. This looks a little mystical but the same thing can be said about electricity as well. One cannot see the electricity but we know it because of the things that it does. Well, Dosha are more complicated, they are complex physiological systems and not a single entity like electricity.

We all know about the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems in the body. Ayurveda actually proposes 3 kinds of systems as compared to the two mentioned in allopathy.

Concept of Dosha

Vedic science believes “Yatha anu, tatha parmanu”, meaning – As is an atom, so is the universe. So let us try to understand the concept of Dosha with the example of an atom. An atom can undergo 3 kinds of functions – either it is hyperactive with excess energy (Vata), or in the state of transformation through heat/chemical reactions (Pitta), or stable inside a molecule (Kapha). These 3 functions are able to define the state of an atom at any point in time. They are the 3 grand systems of function that work as good on an atom, as inside a human body.

Why “Dosha”?

It is interesting to note the meaning of the word “Dosha”. It is a Sanskrit word, meaning “the one which maligns or spoils”. They run the body so why are they called Dosha? It is because they have their own inertia. They are automated systems, with a tendency to corrupt. Let us take an example of a machine. If the machine is made to run for an exceedingly long time, it might break its parts, unless it is stopped by some external force. Again, it might get burnt in a similar condition, unless stopped. If not run for many days, it might become stuck and has to be cleaned, in order to ensure runnable condition. Now Dosha work in the same manner, they go on producing their syndrome unless balanced by the body physiology. They are not auto correcting or conscious systems. Because of their inherent characteristic to go wrong, they are called Dosha.

Dosha and Human Body

Now let us try to define the 3 systems in the context of the human body. Dosha are mechanisms to address the utilization of energy inside the body. There are 3 fundamental kinds of energy – Kinetic energy, heat (transformational) energy and the latent energy. Here Vata is the system for handling kinetic energy, Pitta is for heat energy and Kapha is for latent energy.

Similar to the sympathetic system, Vata is the lord of all activities happening in the body. Whether it is the blinking of the eye lids or a game of sword fighting, Vata is involved everywhere. Now it looks to be a pretty broad spectrum and a little vague as well. But it can be clarified by understanding the sites of each Dosha. In case of Vata, all nerves are the abode of Vata, which means that all nervous communication comes under Vata. Similarly, all hormonal communication comes under Pitta. The absence of activity or conversion gives place to Kapha, which is a passive system respectively.

Each Dosha has its special sites, functions and qualities.

Qualities of Dosha

  • Vata- Cold, Light, Dry, Irregular, Rough, Moving, Quick, Changeable
  • Pitta – Hot, Light, Intense, Penetrating, Pungent, Sharp, Acidic
  • Kapha – unctuous, cool, heavy, slow, smooth, soft, and stable.

Sites of Dosha

Vata – Pelvis and limbs

Pitta- Region from the diaphragm to pelvis – mid abdominal cavity.

Kapha – Above the diaphragm

Functions of Dosha

Vata – all activities involving change in kinetic energy

Pitta –  all activities involving change in Heat energy

Kapha – all activities involving change in Latent energy

Types of Doshas

Prakriti – The Body Type

These systems are not only governed by the Dosha, they are also formed by them during the gestational period of an individual, as the foetal development takes place.

This brings us to another important aspect of Ayurveda – Prakriti, or the fundamental body constitution, which is unique for everyone.

Now all persons have 3 systems in the body, but their bodies are all different because the systems have a different level of dominance in the body physiology.

Let us take the example from the construction industry. All architectural structures have the same ingredients – bricks, cement, sand etc. But the base of a swimming pool will have a different proportion of the same ingredients as compared to the walls of the building. It will be more resistant to the water based erosion, whereas the external walls will not be so water resistant but thicker and stronger. In a similar way, the body of each individual is dissimilar with different Dosha supremacy.

Prakriti or the body constitution is formed by the combination of 3 Dosha in different combinations. Examples of Prakriti are –

Vata, Pitta, Kapha: Vata dominant Prakriti with Pitta as the second dominant Dosha and Kapha as the recessive Dosha.

Pitta, Vata, Kapha: Pitta dominant personality with Vata and Kapha at mid and weak positions respectively.

Let us consider the first example of Prakriti – Vata, Pitta, Kapha. Such person will be inherently hyperactive, thin with scarce hair, prone to anxiety etc. which are attributed qualities of Vata.

Prakriti decides the physical and mental attributes of an individual. Not only this, it also gives an accurate prognosis of diseases that can easily occur, because of his Dosha combination. Now digestion of the above-mentioned person (primarily Pitta function) will have a tendency to get deranged by Vata, causing indigestion. He will be selectively prone to Vata based disorders like arthritis, epilepsy, paralysis etc.

In the case of the second example, the Pitta dominant person will be athletic in built, with strong digestion and prone to anger. This person will be more prone to hyper acidity and blood/skin based disorders.

Prakriti can be calculated based on the physical examination and general questioning by an experienced Vaidya. It can be accurately examined by the Nadi pariksha as well. Prakriti examination is the basis of all treatment in Ayurveda. Without a proper Prakriti diagnosis, ayurvedic treatment will be like shooting arrows in the dark.

Mud Therapy in India

Importance of Learning About Naturopathy Techniques For A Healthy Life

Naturopathy is essentially a celebration of the natural way of life. It is often seen as a relatively holistic approach to a healthier you. The core foundation of this line of treatment is a deep-set belief in our natural resources. Whether you look at healthy diet, fresh air, clean water, often these are the roots of health and wellness.

The entire naturopathy treatment is based on one basic theory. It is all about restoring our natural body balance. These could be achieved through a wide range of therapies. Often these include dietary changes, a radical shift in lifestyle and even range of massages to help relax.

History of Naturopathy

However, you must remember that naturopathy is not a new age development. In fact, this is one of the oldest science of wellness. Recorded documents indicate that it was first used around 400 BC by Hippocrates. The Father of Medicine believed that the laws of nature could often lead you to a cure for any condition.

Some of the core principles of this healing method include

  • Nature has unique healing abilities
  • Identifying the cause is often the first step to curing a condition
  • Naturopathy comprises of essentially natural elements. So, the risk of side effects or harm is fairly limited.
  • You have to take a comprehensive view of the person’s condition. Health issues can’t be seen in isolation. A holistic perspective is crucial.
  • It often helps patient take control. It makes them aware of their own body and how they can work towards maintaining their own balance.
  • Moreover, patients can work towards limiting the progression of their condition. Once they understand the cause, they can increasingly look at controlling their exposure in a comprehensive way.

So in a way, naturopathy is going back to your roots in many ways. Understanding of this science empowers you to take control and look at an exit route from this condition.

How Can Naturopathy Help You?

So the question is how naturopathy can help you. Well, the biggest advantage is it sometimes offers a glimmer of hope to even chronic health conditions. Many conditions which are not responding to conventional treatment often respond to these natural medications.

These include some common health disorders like

  • Sleep disorders
  • Digestive issues
  • Pain

Mud Therapy in IndiaTo start off with, often these conditions are a direct outcome of repeated abuse of your system. You are either not eating right or sleeping properly. Moreover, you might be really pushing yourself too hard.

Naturopathy uses a very simple strategy. They work towards restoring this natural balance. So first and foremost, the naturopathic physicians work towards identifying and rectifying the problem areas. They use herbal supplements, naturally nutritious diets and help you undertake a lifestyle change.

But, if you think it is just about a few natural elements and healthy diet, then you are mistaken. The core principles of naturopathy are based on getting inspiration from nature. This particular healing method also incorporates getting to the root of the problem. This will help to completely weed it out.

Often the root of the problem is in the patient’s account of their condition. But the problem is they don’t know how to use this information to their advantage. However, a reasonable understanding of naturopathy techniques can help you. Often naturopathy physicians look for clues from the patient’s account. This is what helps them pinpoint the actual problem.

They say knowledge is power, and this is perhaps the most beautiful representation of this saying. Naturopathy helps you take control and then retain it forever.


Theoretically, you will say that yes, the logic of naturopathy appears reasonable. But is there any empirical evidence? After all, medicine is a science. Sheer belief can’t take you too far, can it? But then, the success of the science of naturopathy is right in its origin.

Naturopathy, you must remember, is a very personalized form of treatment. As individuals, we are all very different, and that is why all of us need different treatment schedules for best results. After all, the clinical application can’t be the sole determinant. Your personal wellness and health is precious, and if you can get that without medicines, why not? After all, it is never wrong to eat well, regulate your diet and stay healthy. Therefore, more power to naturopathy.

Alakh Yoga organizes 13 day Naturopathy Retreats in India, where students are taught basic Naturopathy techniques.

Alignment Class at AlakhYog

5 Qualities To Look For In Your Yoga Instructor

A good yoga instructor is someone who is able to not just teach you the right asanas but also kindle the passion within you. This is exactly why when you are on a lookout for right yoga instructor, you should search for someone who is committed and works tirelessly towards the betterment of his students. While every teacher has their unique qualities that would set them apart but the fact is there are some qualities that are absolutely indispensable. Here is a quick low-down on the five qualities to look for:

In-Depth Knowledge

As a teacher, it is imminent that the yoga instructor must have an expansive knowledge about not just about the asanas but also the yogic way of living. It is, for this matter that though you may find few instructors who not only focus on teaching one style but are also well versed with the yoga philosophy and other traditional practices. Yoga is, after all, a deeply physical endeavor which means the injury is inevitability at certain points. But how do you overcome that? Well, that depends on the brilliance and efficiency of the yoga instructor that you are training under.

Alignment Class at AlakhYog

Passion For Teaching

Passion is a fundamental driving force that distinguishes between a good teacher and an average one. A passionate yoga instructor will not just teach you the mere asanas but also focus on offering a holistic the simplest and the most complicated details with regard to the Yog-Shastra. They will never be irritated, and in fact, my instructor is always looking forward to the numerous questions I have. She patiently explains every minor detail that I would want to know and never has shown displeasure even if I was encroaching on her personal time. It is a passion of this kind that truly distinguishes teachers of the top order.


The moment you talk of a yoga instructor, suddenly an image of someone with a smiling disposition, someone who is always speaking sweetly and someone who is calm springs to your mind. They all point to this fundamental quality, i.e. patience. Yes, my teacher’s patience has played a crucial role in how well I learned my art form. The calm and cool approach ensured I never had any inhibition and could ask her the same thing as many times as I needed till I mastered it.

Organization Abilities

Well, a teacher is not just passionate and patient but also a skillful organizer. He or she must have the ability to manage the entire class with dexterity without losing control or focus. My instructor not only manages her time and the gamut of any different elements she had to teach us but also keeps enough free time for interaction with students and forming deeper bonds with her students.


At Alakh Yog, we believe these are the some of the fundamental qualities of a yoga teacher that are absolutely indispensable for them to become great instructors. We constantly motivate students to have these qualities while they are participating in our Yoga teacher trainings in India to become yoga teachers.

How to drink Water

How to Use Drinking Water For Your Body Detoxification

We love cleaning our house and external environment every day. People spend long hours taking bath. Unfortunately, we forget to clean the more important part of our body, the internal parts. Our internal parts are equally exposed to pollutants and toxins as the external parts are. Let’s take the example of a car. It needs the internal servicing and cleaning more than the external one. Same goes for the body.

Now, the problem is how to clean and detoxify the internal parts. Well, water is the most suitable agent for it. It is one of the best and the most easily available resource for body detoxification.

How to drink WaterWater forms 99%, of the body mass. It is one of the most easily available resources. And probably the most ignored one in our current lifestyle. Ideally, a person should consume minimum 2 lit of water in a day to keep him or her reasonably hydrated and to compensate for the basic water loss through urination and evaporation.

But very few people are normally conscious about it. Most of us are seriously dehydrated without even knowing it.

Such constant dehydration can cause esp. Rheumatism, Arthritis, etc.

Water Detoxification Therapy:

There are many ways to practice Water Detoxification Therapy. The most basic, easiest and the most effective is the early morning water therapy. It cleanses the alimentary canal early morning and sets it detoxified and ready for the fresh meals to come.

Procedure and Precautions:

After getting up early morning, one should drink 4-5 glasses of normal or warm water according to the weather and body requirements. This also helps to relieve any early morning constipation, apart from the process of general detoxification.

One should take the early morning water therapy without washing the mouth or brushing the teeth, except under the condition of severe mouth infections, for example, pyorrhoea.

According to Ayurveda, copper water should be used for early morning water therapy. Copper replaces the other free radicals present in the water. Copper is very helpful in absorption of Iron in the body. It has significant benefits for all kinds of skin disorders. It helps in weight management by stimulating the liver metabolism. Besides, it is anti-microbial, great brain stimulant, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer.

It is important to note that one should not drink water when extremely hungry. We should respect the immediate requirements of the body. When you are feeling hungry, please eat first instead of drinking water, even if it is time for water detoxification.


Early Morning Water therapy removes the toxins, rotting food particles as well as excess undesirable mucus from the intestines and reinvigorates them. Imagine it to be similar to flushing water in a drain in order to clean it.

From intestines, a substantial amount of water is absorbed and enters the bloodstream. It stimulates the function of kidneys and helps to filter the blood at a faster rate. The filtered blood is like an early morning refreshing bath for all the organs in the body. A must for all!

Contributed by: Dr. Kanika Verma, Bams, MMS, PGDHHM

Benefits of Sattvik Diet

How Being Vegetarian Helped my Yoga Practice?

You might have often heard that yoga practice and vegetarianism go hand in hand and it might have bothered you about why you need to have a vegetarian diet to be a yogi. Well, the crux of the matter is that different kind of food kindles the different parts of our brain. While fruits and vegetables spark the satvik or calming elements in your body, too much of meat and protein rich food invariably incite the rajasik and tamasik element that leads to excitement or anger or even desire. While there is no reason for absolutely abstaining from non-veg but a predominantly vegetarian diet is always helpful.

Toning the Body Better

I feel that a predominantly vegetarian diet helped me to tone and adapt my body better to the rigors of yoga. After all, yoga helps in detoxing the body, cleansing the internal organs, strengthening the immune system and improving the overall blood flow. A diet rich in greens, fruits and vegetables go a long way in not just easing out the digestive process for me but also the natural administration of vitamins and antioxidants worked much better with the yogasanas in helping me gain better control on my system.

Calming Our Mind

This brings us back to the issue of the Satvik behave or the calming of our mind. The fact that sattva means clarity and essential lightness and a fiber rich diet, high in legumes, nuts, natural food can easily help in creating the satvik force and helping me achieve better harmony with nature. On the other hand, processed and animal protein rich diet dulls the mind and sparks the tamasik and rajasik element in the body. They also take more time in getting digested and can be a strain on the body if there is no balance in the amount of intake of different food groups.

Regulating The System

Another important benefit of a predominantly vegetarian diet I feel is that I am able to regulate my overall system or body much better. The natural elements, the fiber-rich fruits and vegetables which are naturally high in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants boost the system with the required armory to deal better with any type of malady. I feel it also worked a long way in improving the immunity and at no point of time do I feel heavy or uncomfortable after a meal.

Concept of Ahimsa

Yoga fundamentally preaches achieving oneness and harmony with nature and nothing can help you achieve it better than following vegetarianism and the concepts of non-violence. It is for this reason that when you stop your dependence and gradually withdraw from animal protein, you also start developing more compassion for your fellow companions and in general all living beings around you.


So, it would not be wrong to conclude that a predominantly vegetarian diet is an ideal accomplice for my yogic practices. It helps me to rein in my mind and body a lot better and allows me to practice the yoga asanas to their final fruition quite easily.